CPAP masks are different types of masks that are used for CPAP treatment. Different manufacturers have manufactured different types of masks. However, we will be talking about some of the most common CPAP masks, in this section.
1. Nasal prongs mask
This type of mask consists of two prongs that go into the nostrils. They are light and portable to use. There is not much leakage of the air. Patients can sleep comfortably using this mask. They can also talk and eat.
Even though this mask is portable to wear, it is not suitable for mouth breathers. It is only suitable for low airflow. If the set pressure in the machine goes to 15 cm H2O or more, the airflow will obstruct the passage of air through the nostrils. This causes two prongs of the mask to dislocate. Also, the tight attachment of prongs into the nostrils will cause difficulty in breathing out the air. It can also cause a swore nose.
2. Nasal cradle mask
This is the modified version of the nasal prong mask. Instead of two prongs, there are two cradles in the mask.
The only difference between the nasal prong and nasal cradle mask is that there is a chance of more air leakage via the cradle mask.
3. Nasal mask
A nasal mask covers the entire nose. It is light and portable to use. In comparison to previously stated masks, this mask is suitable for high airflow as well. It provides a tight seal across the face area. So, the chance of leakage of air is low. A patient can also talk and eat using this mask.
Due to the tight sealing of the mask, there is a high chance of skin irritation and red marks around the nose. It is only suitable for nose breathers.
4. Full face mask
A full-face mask covers the entire face area. This includes the mouth and nose region. It is suitable for both nose and mouth breathers.
It is bulky and difficult to wear while sleeping. The mask may dislocate while sleeping. There is a high chance of air leakage. The patient cannot talk or eat using this mask. The elastic can cause red marks around the nose and ears.
5. Hybrid mask
A hybrid mask is the combination of a full face mask and nasal cradles mask/nasal prongs mask. The features of the hybrid mask are similar to that of the full face mask. The only difference is that there is a reduced chance of air leakage in this mask.